is the arctic wolf endangered
Of all the wildlife in the Arctic, the polar bear is the most fitting icon for this region. Arctic wolves are carnivorous hunters. A 70-pound wolf is equal to the weight of 4 adult Dachshunds. Arctic wolves are not actually listed as endangered unlike other wolves. The Pebble Mine in Alaska is the largest open-pit mine in North America, and WWF says that toxic waste could contaminate the bay, affecting tons of species, not just arctic wolves. Learn more. In 1997, there was a decline in the Arctic wolf population and its prey, muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus) and Arctic hares (Lepus arcticus). The only time at which the wolf migrates is during the wintertime when there is complete darkness for 24 hours. Arctic indigenous peoples are acutely aware of these growing tensions. When you hear the term biome, you think of plants and animals in the same biodiversity. Its diet is based on the Arctic fox, caribou, muskoxen, Arctic hare, lemming and seals. It can be found in the northern Canada, on Alaska, Greenland and Iceland. The Grey wolves Range consist of North America, Euro/Asia, from the Deserts to wetlands, Forest, Mountains and including The Arctic Tundra Region.  Both wolves are recognized as separate subspecies of Canis lupus in the taxonomic authority Mammal Species of the World (2005). Our vision of a well-managed, biodiverse Arctic is one where key habitats, ecosystems and populations of priority species are shielded from the direct pressures of human activity.  Sometimes there is debate whether the muskox or the Arctic hare is the primary prey for the hare-wolf-muskox predator-prey system. A biome is a group of similar ecosystems that cover a broad area, and maintained under the climate conditions of the region, especially such a community that has developed to climax. Special Concern . These animals were frequently on a target of European commercial hunters in the past. They have also been found to prey on lemmings, caribou, Arctic foxes, birds, and beetles. Salmon are also essential to bears, eagles and for nutrient transport from the ocean to the banks of rivers. WWF continues to engage in efforts to prevent new oil and gas drilling in America’s Arctic as well as ensure that local communities have access to renewable energy options. This work includes the Arctic Council, the high-level intergovernmental forum on Arctic conservation and sustainable development.
The climate is intense, landscape often treacherous and weather can be brutal. Canines are arguably the most common companion animal for the household in the United States, while cats are the most common companion as a whole. L. David Mech (text), Jim Brandenburg (photos) (May 1987). Starving arctic wolf struggling to find prey. Arctic Wolf Appearance and Behavior. Within America’s Arctic, the remarkably productive waters of the Bering Sea attract marine mammals, such as gray whales, which travel great distances to forage and raise their young. Speak up for species and places through WWF's Action Center. "Endangered Species: The Arctic Wolf,"Â The Arctic Wolf Blog.Â https://thearcticwolfblog.wordpress.com/why-endangered/. World Population is around 200,000 wolves with about half of those living in Canada alone. Arctic wolf can survive 7 to 10 years in the wild and 14 to 20 years in the captivity. The Arctic wolf is considered endangered because only a small number of Arctic wolves are available in the Arctic in Greenland, Canada, and Alaska.... See full answer below. Unlike other species of wolf, the Arctic wolf rarely comes into contact with humans and is not threatened by hunting or persecution. This means establishing a network of specially managed marine areas across the Arctic to protect marine life and help it adapt to changing conditions. The reason for their endangerment is Global Warming. Environmental Science Dear President Barack Obama: The Arctic, including the Bering, Beaufort and Chukchi seas, now faces an uncertain future due to climate change, mining, shipping, oil and gas development, and overfishing. Rapid climate change contributes, Paper Assignment Still, much of the Arctic Ocean has not been adequately surveyed and there a lot of work to be done to establish new routing and regulations.  Debate continues when seasonal and diet of young wolves is discussed. The recovery of the Arctic wolf population came when summer weather conditions returned to normal. As the climate changes, Arctic ecosystems are under growing pressure from industry seeking to expand. The EPA helps protect these endangered species with the help of National and State Parks in the United States. Inner part of the fur is waterproof.
Thanks to the Arctic Wolf’s isolation, the animal is not threatened by hunting and deforestation like other wolves. All rights reserved. , One study using autosomal microsatellite DNA and Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) data indicate that the Arctic wolf has no unique haplotypes which suggests that its colonization of the Arctic Archipelago from the North American mainland was relatively recent, and thus not sufficient to warrant subspecies status. The formation of countless, new deer trails after the disappearance of the wolves, shows that the ecosystem has lost its balance and is overpopulated with deer. Left: Prudhoe Bay, Alaska oil field; Right: Bristol Bay Pebble Mine.
 It is a medium-sized subspecies, distinguished from the northwestern wolf by its smaller size, its whiter colouration, its narrower braincase, and larger carnassials. Currently, wolves have a depleting source of prey, which has resulted in a decrease in the arctic wolf population, but once the wolves are very scarce, the populations of caribou and musk oxen will increase rapidly.
"Tundra Threats," The National Geographic.Â http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/habitats/tundra-threats/, "Arctic: Threats,"Â World Wildlife.Â https://www.worldwildlife.org/places/arctic, "The Arctic: Remnants of a natural but dynamic world,"Â Treks.Â http://www.treks.org/arcticthe.htm, "US drilling plans spare Arcticâs federal waters,"Â World Wildlife.Â https://www.worldwildlife.org/stories/us-drilling-plans-spare-arctic-s-federal-waters, "About Us,"Â Wolf Conservation Center.Â http://nywolf.org/wcc/about-us.
Although arctic wolves are of least concern on the Endangered Species List and experience little interaction with humans, climate change and industrial development, both of which have been caused by humans, are destroying the food sources and habitats of arctic wolves, ultimately disrupting the natural balance of the Arctic Tundra and resulting in negative consequences for other species in the ecosystem. An adult Arctic wolf can weigh between 70 and 125 pounds. Arctic wolf has strong jaws filled with 42 sharp teeth designed to tear flesh and crush bones. In the Arctic, nature operates at extremes. All members of the pack take their turn to protect carcass from other animals (scavengers) in between the meals.
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